In February 2020 CPRE, the countryside charity, asked the nation to count the number of stars visible in the Orion constellation to help build up a picture of the nation’s views of the night sky, and the results are published this week [28 May 2020].

More than 2,400 people took part nationally, and the results show that 61% of people in England counted ten stars or fewer, meaning they were in an area with severe light pollution, an increase from 57% last year.

The results for Cumbria, the fifth darkest county area of England, show that 39% of people were only able to see 10 or less stars, meaning they were in an area with severe light pollution. The highest two star numbers counted were 23 and 27 at Asby, near Appleby, and Kirkby-in-Furness, respectively. CPRE’s Night Blight Report in 2016 identified the top 20 darkest District areas in England, Eden was ranked third and South Lakeland eight.(5)

Friends of the Lake District, which represent CPRE in Cumbria, wholeheartedly supports national CPRE’s call for local authorities and councils to adopt rigorous policies in local plans to tackle light pollution and protect and enhance our darkest skies.

A positive has been Cumbria County Council’s road lighting programme, replacing over 41,000 of the older orange sodium lights with LED lights since 2012. The new lamps focus downwards where the light is needed, not wasting light upwards, adding to sky glow light pollution. Environmentally, it has also cut electricity use by 62% and reduced carbon emissions by 80%, and so playing a part in tackling the climate change emergency.

Growing evidence shows that the spread of light pollution not only affects people’s enjoyment of the night sky, but also their health and well-being.(1) Equally, recent research reveals how harmful artificial lighting is to wildlife and the whole food chain. For example, it is estimated that 60% of insects are nocturnal and a third of these are dying because of light pollution. Insects are critical to many species as a food source, but also play a vital role in the pollination of plants and our crops.(2)

Jack Ellerby, Dark Skies project officer at Friends of the Lake District, says: “Satellite images (3) show how important the north of England and Cumbria is to the nation as a dark skies resource. Sadly, our darker places are being gradually eroded piecemeal by the fashion of putting up more and more outdoor lighting.

“The good news is that, people recognise the issue of light pollution, whether they are an amateur astronomer or photographer, love wildlife, run a rural tourism business, or want to help the climate by switching unwanted lights off.

“Through our Dark Skies Cumbria project we will work with people, communities, businesses and supporting organisations to tackle both existing light pollution and try to prevent new lighting adding further to the problem. Please do get in contact if you know a particular lighting pollution hot-spot.”

Read more about our Dark Skies Cumbria project:

Update 28/5/20:

Jack was on Radio Cumbria This morning talking about dark skies, light pollution and the Star Count. You can listen to it again for the next 28 days here - it’s at 1:24 mins – 1:29 mins.


(1). Sleeping problems can be caused by the constant presence of light which reduces the production of melatonin. Melatonin is a hormone vital for our good health produced by the pineal gland in our brain during the night when it is dark and which regulates our circadian rhythm (24 hour biological rhythm).

(2). See: Light pollution is key 'bringer of insect apocalypse' and  Nocturnal pollinators strongly contribute to pollen transport of wild flowers in an agricultural landscape

(3) Satellite images of light pollution:

(4) The map showing the results of CPRE’s Star Count 2020 is online here:

(5) CPRE’s Night Blight Report in 2016:

Image: Keswick in 2016. Most of the orange road lights have since been replaced with shielded LEDs to make sure they’re not lighting up the night sky. Photo Terry Abraham