What is the Sandford Principle? What is the Sandford Principle? The Sandford Principle is: “Where irreconcilable conflicts exist between conservation and public enjoyment in National Parks, then conservation interest should take priority.” Why was the Sandford Principle created? The UK set up its first National Parks in the 1950s. However their popularity threatened the very reasons people wanted to visit them, such as wildlife, unique habitats and quiet Like a child’s favourite soft toy, they were in danger of being hugged to destruction. In 1974 the National Parks Policy Review Committee, led by Lord Sandford, was set up to advise national park authorities on how to balance conservation with visitors. "National Park Authorities can do much to reconcile public enjoyment with the preservation of natural beauty by good planning and management and the main emphasis must continue to be on this approach wherever possible. But even so, there will be situations where the two purposes are irreconcilable... Where this happens, priority must be given to the conservation of natural beauty." – Lord Sandford When was the Sandford Principle made law? At first the Sandford Principle was just a recommendation. But as the basis of Section 62 of the 1995 Environment Act it is now law. This makes clear that if National Park purposes are in conflict then conservation must have priority. The exact wording is: "If it appears that there is a conflict between those purposes, [the National Park Authority] shall attach greater weight to the purpose of conserving and enhancing the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the area." What are a national park’s purposes? The reasons a National Park Authority exists, as set out in the 1995 Environment Act, are: To conserve and enhance the natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the national park To promote opportunities for the understanding and enjoyment of the special qualities of the national park by the public So if a national park is in danger of being ‘hugged’ to destruction, the national park must put conservation first. Why is the Sandford Principle under threat in the Lake District? We are deeply concerned that the Sandford Principle of conservation over commercialisation is not being followed in the Lake District National Park. Zip wires, recreational 4x4s and motorbikes, gondolas and poorly considered path surfaces are all symptoms of this. How you can stand up for the Sandford Principle We’re leading the Save Our Lake District campaign to encourage the Lake District National Park Authority to re-consider its position. SIGN UP for the latest news Sign up for the latest Save Our Lake District campaign news and how you can help us fight the threat. DONATE what you can towards our planning and campaigning appeal Campaigning takes time and resources. But when we succeed the Lake District National Park will be managed to benefit wildlife, the environment, visitors and residents. Donate now Join us a Friend of the Lake District Play your part in protecting this beautiful place by becoming our member. You’ll get lots of exclusive offers and discounts too! SHARE the word on social media Please follow and share us on Facebook and Twitter to raise the profile of this threat. The Sandford Principle in the news The Sandford Principle is used across the UK to defend National Parks against over-commercialisation: 2019 - Lake District National Park: National Park chiefs hit with 'no confidence' vote 2019 - Loch Lomond and The Trossachs National Park: National Park recommends Balloch development plans be rejected 2018 - New Forest National Park: no reference to Sandford Principle in Recreation Management Strategy 2018 - Yorkshire Dales National Park: Enforcement: Mock medieval castle deemed ‘obtrusive’ by inspector 2017 - Brecon Beacons National Park: National Parks principle ignored 2017 – Pembrokeshire Coast, Snowdonia and Brecon Beacons National Parks: Development Threat to Welsh National Parks More about The Sandford Principle The Sandford Principle - National Parks History of the National Park – Lake District National Park Authority The Sandford Principle – The Broads Society World Heritage Site status International legislation also protects the Lake District. In 2017 the Lake District National Park became a World Heritage Site. This is explained as: “Heritage is our legacy from the past, what we live with today, and what we pass on to future generations. Our cultural and natural heritage are both irreplaceable sources of life and inspiration. What makes the concept of World Heritage exceptional is its universal application. World Heritage Sites belong to all the peoples of the world, irrespective of the territory on which they are located.” - UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) Who manages the World Heritage Site? This is done through the Lake District National Park Partnership, of which we are a member. The Partnership states that: change needs to be balanced and not threaten the reasons why the Lake District is now a World Heritage Site. Significant new developments will need to assessed on their potential benefits and their possible impacts and balanced decisions made. World Heritage Status is not about increasing visitor numbers. The Partnership wants to encourage visitors to stay longer and spend more. Find out more at: The English Lake District World Heritage Site – FAQs Any erosion of the Sandford Principle could have serious consequences for the World Heritage Site status of this amazing place. How you can help Love the Lake District? Then please sign up for the latest campaign news, donate, join us and spread the #SaveOurLakeDistrict word on Facebook and Twitter.